Security Camera and CCTV Theories
The theories behind video surveillance were founded on the 4 key principles that are still prevalent today. Deterrence, Efficiency, Presence of Capable Guardian, and Detection
Deterrence: If potential criminals are aware of the possibility of being watched and recorded, they may determine that the risk of detection far outweighs the benefits. Based on a study, 86% of these international camera installations are for the prevention and detection of theft, and 39% also serve as a deterrent of violent crime.
Efficiency: CCTV cameras allow those monitoring the scene to determine whether police assistance is required. This ensures that police resources are called upon only when necessary.
Presence of a capable guardian: Suggests that for a crime to be committed there must be a motivated offender, a suitable target and the absence of a capable supervising guardian. Any act that prevents the convergence of these elements will reduce the likelihood of a crime taking place. CCTV which acts as a capable supervising guardian, may help to reduce crime.
Detection: CCTV cameras capture images of offences taking place. Being able to detect an incident or event is essential to securing your home or business from potential threats. In some cases this may lead to punishment and the removal of the offenders’ ability to offend.
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